Chronic kidney disease (CKD) presents a series of symptoms, such as weakness, poor appetite, changes in urine volume and color, high blood pressure and anemia. There is a close relationship between chronic kidney disease and renal anemia.
Causes of renal anemia in CKD
Decrease of erythropoietin
Kidney has the function of producing erythropoietin (EPO) which produces hemoglobin. Due to CKD, kidney gets more and more damages. Accordingly, the production of hemoglobin becomes less and less. Therefore, it appears anemia, especially when creatinine level is higher than 3.5mg/dL.
Lack of iron
Due to CKD, patients usually suffer poor appetite, which affects the absorption of iron. Meanwhile, due to kidney function impairment, iron will leak out through urine. Accordingly, there appears anemia.
Leakage of protein
Many CKD patients suffers proteinuria. Meanwhile, they also limit the intake of protein. When there is short of protein, it tends to bleed, which aggravates the condition of anemia.
Treatment to renal anemia
Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine can promote the production of erythropoietin. But it needs a long time to have effect.
The treatment of western medicine includes pharmaceutical drug, blood transfusion, and EPO injection. However, it cannot deal with the root cause.
The comprehensive treatment
Comprehensive treatment, the combination of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine, helps recombines EPO and stop further damages of kidney function.
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